Un centenar de textiles bordados de la cultura Paracas deben regresar de Suecia.

Publicado: 2011-08-16

Swedish Mayor agrees to return collection of Paracas mantles.

El gobierno peruano debe garantizar el retorno de un centenar de textiles bordados de la cultura Paracas desde Suecia.

Ya el ex-presidente Alan García lo anunció el 6 de julio de 2011, en su discurso de apertura de la Segunda Conferencia sobre Cooperación Internacional para la Protección y Repatriación de Bienes Culturales en Lima: "He ordenado iniciar demanda contra el Consejo de la ciudad de Gotemburgo en Suecia, ya que es cómplice en el robo de más de 100 textiles de la cultura Paracas", dijo Alan García en ceremonia donde asistió el ministro egipcio de Antigüedades, Zahi Hawass. 

Björn Sandmark, jefe de la administración de bienes culturales (Culture Administration en Gothenburg), se mostró muy sorprendido de la bravuconada de García Pérez, ya que existen fluidas conversaciones para devolver todos los tejidos preciosos de los Paracas, pero en condiciones que garanticen su perfecta conservación.

En 2008, el Museo de la Cultura de Gotemburgo puso montó una exposición de dos años de la colección textil a la que llamó "Un mundo robado" (A Stolen World), reconociendo el valor de las piezas y el daño causado a las naciones, al despojárlos de su patrimonio e identidad. Los diplomáticos peruanos de la embajada peruana en Suecia fueron invitados especialmente para la exposición.

Grandes cantidades de textiles bordados fueron sacadas de contrabando del Perú y exportados ilegalmente a los museos y colecciones privadas de todo el mundo entre 1930 y 1939. Un centenar de ellos fueron introducidos de contrabando a Suecia y terminaron en el Museo Etnográfico de Gotemburgo, que es ahora el Museo de la Cultura Mundial (Museum of World Culture).

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PARACAS COLLECTION IN GÖTEBORG

Ya el arqueólogo Duccio Bonavia denunció el manejo político de Alan García del interdicto con la Universidad de Yale por muestras de Machu Picchu. El eminente investigador señaló que el patrimonio lítico del Chillón-Ancón y de Telarmachay o el patrimonio palentológico de Sacaco, todos son mas importantes que el de Machu Picchu, sin embargo están hace décadas en manos estadounidenses y francesas, sin que importara nunca al demagogo de la avenida Alfonso Ugarte.

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THE PARACAS COLLECTION IN GÖTEBORG

Objects deriving from the Paracas culture in present day Peru make up a unique world heritage.

Out of the total collection in Gothenburg, 89 textiles are formally owned by the City of Gothenburg. They are kept in the Museum of World Culture, alongside other obejcts from the Paracas culture. The Museum of World Culture is responsible for their care and preservation and for making them accessible to research and a larger audiende in and outside of Sweden. Since 2008, they are shown in the exhibition A Stolen World, and on this web site.

The Museum of World Culture has had a dialogue regarding the Paracas material with Peruvian museums and Peruvian Embassy representatives for some time. In December of 2009 the Peruvian Embassy presented a formel request for the return of the collections to Peru. Thereafter a dialogue has been initiated between the Embassy, the City of Gothenburg and the National Museums of World Culture in order to further investigate this complex issue of request for return of cultural objects. www.paracas.se/en/vem-tillhor-foremalen/

Alcaldesa sueca se compromete a devolver colección de mantos Paracas robados.

Agosto 16, 2011 - La alcaldesa de la ciudad de Gotemburgo (Suecia), Anneli Hulthén, reconoció, por primera vez, que Perú es el legítimo propietario de la valiosa colección de mantos Paracas que son exhibidos en ese país, y se comprometió a iniciar su devolución.

Según informó ayer la Cancillería, Anneli Hulthén remitió al país una carta oficial en la que expresa el reconocimiento de la propiedad peruana sobre los textiles precolombinos que fueran expoliados entre 1931 y 1939, y que se encuentran en el Museo de Culturas del Mundo, de la ciudad de Gotemburgo.

Se trata de alrededor de 100 mantos de la cultura Paracas, de más de 2,000 años de antigüedad, de valor incalculable, que fueron sustraídos de Perú y enviados ilegalmente a Suecia.

En el documento, la alcaldesa de Gotemburgo se compromete, además, a entablar conversaciones con el objeto de decidir la forma en que dichos textiles deben ser conservados y devueltos a Perú en forma segura.

En ese sentido, el Gobierno de Perú anuncia que se prepara una propuesta integral de cooperación con las autoridades suecas, con miras a facilitar el más pronto retorno de la extraordinaria colección de mantos Paracas que se encuentra en Gotemburgo.

A esta iniciativa se sumó el respaldo de Egipto, Marruecos, Guatemala y Bolivia, entre otros países, a las acciones del Gobierno para la devolución de 100 mantos de la cultura Paracas que fueron sustraídos de Perú.

No obstante, causa sorpresa la inacción del actual gobierno frente a la próxima exposición de más de 200 piezas arqueológicas preincas en Suecia autorizadas, increíblemente, por la administración aprista dos días antes de dejar el poder

Alcaldesa sueca se compromete a devolver colección de mantos Paracas hace 7 horas ... Alcaldesa sueca se compromete a devolver colección de mantos Paracas robados. La

alcaldesa de la ciudad de Gotemburgo (Suecia), ...

diario16.pe/.../8494-alcaldesa-sueca-se-compromete-a-devolver-colecciaon-de-mantos-paracas-robados - Similares

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Mayor of Gothenburg says city will return Paracas textiles to Peru

August 16, 2011

The mayor of the Swedish city of Gothenburg, Anneli Hulthen, has said the town will return some 100 items from the Paracas culture to Peru, daily La Republica reported.

The mayor sent an official letter to Peru recognizing the country as the owners of Paracas textiles that were smuggled out of Peru in 1931 and 1939, and which are being held at the World Culture Museum in Gothenburg.

In July, then Peruvian President Alan Garcia announced plans to begin legal action against Gothenburg. Garcia said the city was complicit in the removal of the textiles.

The announcement, made at a conference on international cooperation for the protection and repatriation of cultural heritage, came as a surprise to Gothenburg authorities who were already in good negotiations with Peruvian diplomats in Stockholm.

At the time, the city of Gothenburg’s culture administration had recommended returning the objects to Peru, but a final decision was required from the Gothenburg’s municipal council, which was to convene after the summer break.

This week, the mayor of Gothenburg said the city would seek to work with Peru in the conservation of the magnificent textiles, which are some 2,000 years old.  The fragile mantles are kept in specially-conditioned rooms.

The textiles are part of a large selection offered quietly in the 1930s by antiquities traders in Peru to private collectors, museums and members of the diplomatic corps. Similarly beautiful textiles are in museums and private collections all over the world.

Mayor of Gothenburg says city will return Paracas textiles to Peru ...

www.peruviantimes.com/16/mayor-of...says...return-paracas.../13367/ - Similares

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Garcia surprises Sweden with plans for legal action to recover Paracas textiles

July 6, 2011 by · Leave a Comment 

President Alan Garcia announced Monday that Peru is to begin legal action against the city of Gothenburg in Sweden over the return of 100 items from the Paracas culture, state news agency Andina reported. 

The announcement, made at a conference on international cooperation for the protection and repatriation of cultural heritage, came as a surprise to Gothenburg authorities who were already in good negotiations with Peruvian diplomats in Stockholm.

Garcia, who will finish his term on July 28, said Gothenburg had been “complicit” in the removal of the textiles from Peru.

“If [the city government] is indeed complicit in a robbery we have all the right to file criminal charges in Peru and use the Interpol to proceed with the capture of those that are complicit in the depreciation and looting of a country and civilization,” Garcia said.

“This comes as a total surprise to us, because we’ve had a good dialogue with Peru ever since they demanded we return the items in question,” Björn Sandmark, head of the Culture Administration in Gothenburg, said Tuesday.

Sandmark said he hoped legal action could be avoided, pointing out that the tone had been positive when he had met twice with Peru’s ambassador to Sweden (prior to the closing of Peru’s Embassy in Stockholm in July 2010) and, most recently in March 2011, with the new general consul, Lourdes Hilbck de Arróspide.

The city of Gothenburg’s culture administration had quickly recommended returning the objects to Peru, but the final decision lies with Gothenburg’s municipal council, which is not likely to handle the issue until after the summer holidays, according to Sandmark.

“These things often take time,” he explained, adding that he thought Peruvian authorities had understood and agreed with the process.

According to Ambassador Liliana Cino, head of Cultural Affairs at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the president of the Gothenburg Cultural Committee, Helena Nyhus, said in 2010 that it was “a moral obligation to return the antiquities to their country of origin,” but that a city poll showed most citizens were against the return because they believed the transfer could cause “irreparable” damage to the fragile pieces. Cino also said that a change in museum authorities had been a problem.

The Paracas textiles in Gothenburg are some of the finest and most complex pieces known to exist from the ancient southern Peru civilization, besides one or two pieces in New York. 

Following massive digging by grave robbers, Peruvian archaeologist Julio C. Tello – considered the founder of professional archaeology in Peru—led excavations of the Paracas peninsula in 1925 and discovered the sophisticated culture that had existed 2000 years earlier.   Paracas textiles have always been high on the list of antiquities sought by smugglers and traders.

The City of Gothenburg has always recognized the provenance of the collection. According to the Gothenburg museum website, “large quantities of Paracas textiles were smuggled out of Peru and illegally exported to museums and private collections all over the world around 1930. About a hundred of them were smuggled to Sweden and donated to the Ethnographic Department of the Gothenburg Museum.”

In 2008, Gothenburg’s Museum of Culture launched a two-year exhibition of the textile collection as A Stolen World, recognizing the value of the pieces and the damage caused to nations by stripping them of their heritage and identity. Peruvian Embassy diplomats were especially invited to the exhibition.

And in May 2010, Sweden returned 33 pre-Columbian textile fragments to Peru. 

President Garcia, perhaps riding on the wave of his government’s success to recover artifacts from Machu Picchu, said, “I think that we are going to be able to achieve, as in the case of Machu Picchu, that they return the 100 textiles.”

“I am sure that many countries that, with every right, negotiate, request, beg for the return of their goods that are essential and that will be held in museums… achieve the return to their countries,” he added.

In the case of Machu Picchu, however, Peru’s government had to wage a legal battle because Yale University would not return archaeological artifacts and pieces that had been taken on loan from Machu Picchu a century ago by American historian Hiram Bingham. Yale, and its Peabody Museum, refused to negotiate the return the pieces for many years, pieces that they had studied and restored and had on exhibition at the museum.  Late last year, with pressure from members of the U.S. Congress and the White House, given the upcoming Machu Picchu centennial celebrations, the university finally relented and an agreement was reached to return the vast majority of the pieces and work jointly with Peru’s Ministry of Culture in a new museum and research center specifically made for the Machu Picchu collection in Cusco.

The first group of artifacts were returned earlier this year, and after being displayed a the Government Palace in Lima they were transported to Cusco where they are to be housed at the new museum in the Casa Concha owned by the San Antonio Abad University of Cusco.

http://www.peruviantimes.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/Paracas-at-Gothenburg1.jpg

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