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La escasez de combustible fósil está detrás del masivo apagón de la India

Publicado: 2012-08-02

Fossil Fuel Supply Shortages Behind India's Largest Power Blackout Ever

La escasez de combustible fósil está detrás del masivo apagón de la India

Tras el apagón más grande de la historia en la red eléctrica en el norte de la India, y la completa restauración del suministro eléctrico alrededor de 15 horas más tarde, la nación volvió a ser golpeada por un colosal corte de energía, del doble del tamaño del que acababa de pasar. Dos apagones seguiditos. Huffington Post informa que tres redes de energía regionales, que cubre 20 de los 28 estados, han colapsado dejando a 620 millones de personas sin electricidad. Esto, por supuesto, se suma a los cientos de millones de indios pobres que no tienen acceso a la electricidad jamás en sus vidas.

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Es el mayor fallo en una red eléctrica en el mundo.

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Cuatro horas después del inicio del apagón, la energía fue restaurada en el 45% de la red noreste y en el 35% de la red de este del país.

La pregunta obvia de todo esto es ¿cómo puede un fallo tan grande suceder?. Las causas específicas aún se desconocen, un factor principal es simple oferta y demanda, con la oferta superada por la demanda.

Por eso, Think Progress cita el Wall Street Journal:

La escasez de combustible está paralizando las plantas de energía a carbón y gas, lo que obliga a suministro por debajo de su capacidad o al corte durante largos períodos. Los servicios públicos estatales tienen miles de millones de dólares de pérdidas acumuladas y como se ha hecho evidente, la obsoleta red de energía de la India, debe modernizarse.

"A menos que este gobierno quiera cometer un suicidio político, no hay manera de que se puede ignorar esto", dijo Abhey Yograj, director gerente de Tecnova, una firma consultora que asesora a las empresas extranjeras en la India.

Parte de que las pérdidas acumuladas se deben a que la energía se vende por debajo del costo de producción.

La revista PV Magazine reporta que el estado de Gujarat está en conversaciones con la Corporación Financiera Internacional para desarrollar una planta de energía solar de 1 GW.

Obviamente, mucho más tendrá que pasar antes de que una gran planta de energía solar sea realidad: plantas incluso más grandes que la propuesta para Gujarat, han acabado en nada. Pero en el largo plazo, está claro que la energía solar es el futuro de la producción de energía, tanto en India como en cualquier otro lugar.

Illegal subsidiary wires are attached to the main cables on an electric pole in New Delhi, India, Wednesday, Aug. 1, 2012. Vast amounts of power bleeds out of India's antiquated distribution system or is pirated through unauthorized wiring. An estimated 620 million people were left without electricity Tuesday afternoon after India’s northern, eastern and northeastern grids cascaded into failure. (Manish Swarup / AP)

Read more: http://www.timesunion.com/news/article/Indian-businesses-weather-blackouts-but-at-a-cost-3752353.php#ixzz22OzpFn1J

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Fossil Fuel Supply Shortages Behind India's Largest Power Blackout Ever

Following Monday's massive electric grid failure across northern India, and full restoration some 15 hours later, the nation has again been hit by huge power outages, double in size to those just passed.

Huffington Post reports that three regional power grids have failed, covering 20 of 28 states, leaving 620 million people without electricity—of course, that's in addition to the hundreds of millions of poor Indians without access to electricity as matter of course. It's the largest electric grid failure in the world.

Four hours after beginning, power was restored in the northeast part of the nation, with the 45% of the northern grid, and 35% of the eastern grid restored.

The obvious question in all this is how can such a large failure happen. The specific causes are still unknown, one major factor is simple supply and demand, with demand far outstripping supply.

On that, Think Progress quotes the Wall Street Journal:

Fuel shortages are crippling coal and gas-fired plants, forcing them to run below capacity or shut down for long stretches; state utilities have billions of dollars of accumulated losses; and, as has been on stark display, the nation’s creaky grid needs upgrading.

“Unless this government wants to commit political suicide, there’s no way they can ignore this,” said Abhey Yograj, managing director of Tecnova, a consulting firm that advises foreign companies on India.

Part of that accumulated losses stems from power being sold below the cost of production.

As with the first blackout, news of part of the solution to India's electricity and energy needs comes at a symbolic (if coincidental) time: PV Magazine reports that the state of Gujarat is in talks with the International Finance Corporation to develop a 1 GW solar power plant.

Obviously much would need to happen before such a huge single solar power plant actually gets built—and even larger plants have been proposed in Gujarat and come to nothing. But in the long term, it's clear that solar power is the future of energy production, as much in India as anywhere else.

http://www.treehugger.com/energy-disasters/fossil-fuel-supply-shortages-behind-india-largest-power-blackout-ever.html

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mesh of electric wires on Delhi's poles

It happens in India; in Britain too? A news items carried by Daily Express [of Britain] about fixing of a street bulb taking 46 days and 12 visits by workmen amused me. More because it makes news in Britain while it is so routine in India. The story there ended with fixing of the bulb; here in India, we would not be sure.  http://indianewstoday.blogspot.com/

355 MILLONES DE PERSONAS SIN ELECTRICIDAD EN LA INDIA / PEOR APAGÓN EN 10 AÑOS North India blackout leaves 300 million without electric power

Indian businesses weather blackouts, but at a cost

RAVI NESSMAN, Associated Press Updated 11:04 p.m., Wednesday, August 1, 2012 Read more: http://www.timesunion.com/news/article/Indian-businesses-weather-blackouts-but-at-a-cost-3752353.php#ixzz22OyU07Qx

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Indian stranded passengers wait on a platform and some of them on rail tracks for the train services to resume following a power outage at Sealdah station in Kolkata, India, Tuesday, July 31, 2012. India's energy crisis cascaded over half the country Tuesday when three of its regional grids collapsed, leaving 620 million people without government-supplied electricity for several hours in, by far, the world's biggest-ever blackout. Hundreds of trains stalled across the country and traffic lights went out, causing widespread traffic jams in New Delhi. (Bikas Das / AP)

New Delhi

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Illegal subsidiary wires are attached to the main cables on an electric pole in New Delhi, India, Wednesday, Aug. 1, 2012. Vast amounts of power bleeds out of India's antiquated distribution system or is pirated through unauthorized wiring. An estimated 620 million people were left without electricity Tuesday afternoon after India’s northern, eastern and northeastern grids cascaded into failure. (Manish Swarup / AP)

India Electrical Mess

By Just Stupid on Aug 19, 2007 in Stupid Countries

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Maybe you have seen pictures like these in some of the emails that have been circulating.  Even so, you have to agree this is just plain stupid.  I have actually been to India, both New Delhi and Hyderabad, and I have to confess I never saw anything this bad.  I also know that they do have an electric company that you call if you want power to your building.  Maybe they aren’t up to USA standards, but this is nuts.

We did experience power outages almost every day, you just get used to them.  But I never considered the outages might be a result of two wires touching because somebody tossed something in the air, or decided to hang their laundry on the closest line.   I would love to know where this actually is, and how widespread this situation might be.  Any enlightenment out there?

Technorati Tags: indiahyderabadnew delhielectrical mess

A Kashmiri mechanic repairs electric generators used as backup during power outages in Srinagar, India, Wednesday, Aug 1, 2012. Factories and workshops across India were up and running again Wednesday, a day after a major system collapse led to a second day of power outages and the worst blackout in history. An estimated 620 million people were left without electricity after India's northern, eastern and northeastern grids cascaded into failure Tuesday afternoon. (Mukhtar Khan / AP)

Read more: http://www.timesunion.com/news/article/Indian-businesses-weather-blackouts-but-at-a-cost-3752353.php#ixzz22P0Q0a00


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malcolmallison

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